During the shaking:

  • If outside, stay outside, if indoors stay indoors.  Most injuries during an earthquake occur when people attempt to enter or exit a building.
  • Stay indoors and take cover under a sturdy object or in a hallway. Stay away from glass.
  • If the earthquake catches you outside, move away from buildings or utility wires.
  • Don't run through or near buildings.  If you are in a moving car, stop as quickly as safety permits, but stay in the vehicle.

After the shaking:

  • Don't use candles or open flames.  Douse all fires.
  • If you see electrical damage, switch off electrical power at the main panel.
  • Visually inspect all utility lines, chimneys and appliances for damage.
  • If you smell gas, open the windows and shut off the main valve.  Then leave the building and report gas leakage to the authorities. 
  • If water pipes are damaged, cut off the water supply at the main valve.
  • Turn on your radio to get the latest emergency bulletins.
  • Use the phone only to report a life-threatening emergency.
  • Don't go sightseeing.  Aftershocks may occur for several days after the main tremor.