During the shaking:
- If outside, stay outside, if indoors stay indoors. Most injuries during an earthquake occur when people attempt to enter or exit a building.
- Stay indoors and take cover under a sturdy object or in a hallway. Stay away from glass.
- If the earthquake catches you outside, move away from buildings or utility wires.
- Don't run through or near buildings. If you are in a moving car, stop as quickly as safety permits, but stay in the vehicle.
After the shaking:
- Don't use candles or open flames. Douse all fires.
- If you see electrical damage, switch off electrical power at the main panel.
- Visually inspect all utility lines, chimneys and appliances for damage.
- If you smell gas, open the windows and shut off the main valve. Then leave the building and report gas leakage to the authorities.
- If water pipes are damaged, cut off the water supply at the main valve.
- Turn on your radio to get the latest emergency bulletins.
- Use the phone only to report a life-threatening emergency.
- Don't go sightseeing. Aftershocks may occur for several days after the main tremor.